Thursday, March 20, 2008


The capacity of modern enterprises to compete is largely based on application software and Information and Communication Technology (ICT) platforms. Understanding modern enterprises requires the contribution of specialists from various engineering disciplines. In this paper we distinguish business, application software, and ICT platform engineering. Each has its own description of architecture with interfaces. Whereas the relationship between business and ICT development is generally characterised as one of symbiosis, there exists no comprehensive description of the patterns that lead to mutual advantage in the association among them. Nevertheless the continuing development of ICT allows for new business strategies, and vice versa. Concepts and solutions emerging in one domain diffuse into others where their application provides the seed for new developments.

ICT can defined as "the study, design, development, implementation, support or management of computer-based information system, particularly software applications and computer hardware." ICT deals with the use of electronic computers and computer software to convert, store, protect, process, transmit, and securely retrieve information.

We regard the ICT enabled enterprise as an evolutionary system that is subject to the developments in its market. It interweaves stable behavioural patterns termed “business as usual” with changes ranging from small and incremental to radical. The enterprise moves into increasingly advanced uses of ICT and application software to achieve its business goals. It must keep developments in the various disciplines in tune to succeed. This process is called alignment.


Now a days, many things have done by using ict. We live in ICT Application environment to reach our goals. In Manufacturing, we should thinking how to produce or improved things to improved our quality of lives. Wether we renew and improved available product or we create a new product that never been produce. To complete our goal,we need ICT Application as a guided. The combination of ICT in manufacturing process in know as "The application of ICT in Manufacturing Process" and it also can applied this two combination into the education field and it is very important to exposed students with the latest technology especially in engineering field. So that in the future they will able to applied what they learn in their jobs.

In engineering, we use ICT to developed our project. The ICT Application we use such as Application software is a program designed to make users more productive and assist them with personal tasks. There are many categories of application software such as Business, Graphics and multimedia, Home/personal/educational, Communications, Utility Program and so on. We focused on Graphics and multimedia like CAD/CAM CAD is software to design their desire part and CAM software to convert CAD data into paths for Computer Numerical Control machine tools.

AutoCAD is a CAD softwares application for 2D and 3D design and drafting, developed and sold by Autodesk Inc. Initially released in late 1982, AutoCAD was one of the first CAD programs to run on personal computers, and notably the IBM PC. Most CAD software at the time ran on graphics terminals connected to mainframe computers or mini computers.

In earlier releases, AutoCAD used primitive entities such as lines, polylines, circles, arcs, and text as the foundation for more complex objects. Since the mid-1990s, AutoCAD has supported custom objects through its C++ API. Modern AutoCAD includes a full set of basic solid modeling and 3D tools, but lacks some of the more advanced capabilities of solid modelling applications.

AutoCAD supports a number of application programming interface (APIs) for customization and automation. These include AutoLISP, Visual LISP, VBA, .NET and ObjectARX. ObjectARX is a C++ class library, which was also the base for products extending AutoCAD functionality to specific fields, to create products such as AutoCAD Architecture, AutoCAD Electrical, AutoCAD Civil 3D, or third-party AutoCAD-based applications.

AutoCAD's native file format,DWG, and to a lesser extent, its interchange file format, DXF, have become standard data perability. AutoCAD in recent years has included support for DWF, a format developed and promoted by Autodesk for publishing CAD data. In 2006, Autodesk estimated the number of active DWG files to be in excess of one billion. In the past, Autodesk has estimated the total number of DWG files in existence to be more than three billion.

AutoCAD currently runs exclusively on Microsoft desktop operating system Versions for UNIX and Maccintosh were released in the 1980s and 1990s, but these were later dropped. AutoCAD can run on an emulator or compatibility layer like Virtual PC or Wine, keeping in mind the performance issues that can arise when working with 3D objects or large drawings.

AutoCAD and AutoCAD LT are available for German, French, Italian, Spanish, Japanese, Korean, Chinese Simplified (No LT), Chinese Traditional, Russian, Czech, Polish, Hungarian (No LT), Brazilian Portuguese (No LT), Danish, Dutch, Swedish, Finnish, Norwegian and Vietnamese. The extent of localization varies from full translation of the product to documentation only.